The liberation of Paris in August 1944, featuring the column of Capitaine Raymond Dronne.

It was of course owing to the D-Day invasion and the rapid advance of the US and UK forces that the French got to liberate the French, but there was little wish in the moment of Notre Dame’s chimes ringing out to emphasize that.

Capitaine Dronne named his Jeep “Mort aux cons,” or “Death to idiots”; his commanding general asked, “Why do you want to kill everyone?”